Restoring Gulf of Mexico tuna and swordfish
A small group of pelagic longline fishing vessel owners will take a six-month voluntary break, but will continue to fish with alternative gear, improving populations and supporting supply chains as NOAA and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation kicked off 2018 with the second round of the Oceanic Fish Restoration Project.
The project aims to restore some of the damage resulting from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Ten fishing vessel owners from Florida and Louisiana will take a break, also known as a repose, from using pelagic longline fishing gear for the next six months.
During those months, project participants have the option to harvest highly migratory species such as yellowfin tuna and swordfish using alternative fishing gear that results in low by-catch and fish mortality. Sea turtles and marine mammals, as well as other oceanic fish, have a better chance of surviving if accidentally caught with these alternative gears.
Participating vessel owners also get financial compensation to help offset lost revenue during the repose.
â€˜We understand that fishing businesses and communities depend on these oceanic resources, which are also critical components of the Gulf ecosystem,â€™ said Chris Oliver, Assistant Administrator for NOAA Fisheries. â€˜Exciting innovations in gear reduce by-catch and restore fish populations, keeping local economies and the environment healthy.â€™
Throughout the project, NOAA Fisheries and the NFWF will continue working with participants, suppliers and researchers to improve results of the alternative gear and enhance product quality of caught fish.
Based on feedback from the 2017 pilot year, changes were made to add more at-sea days to fish using alternative gear, additional training to improve gear use, and more gear choices.
â€˜We had the opportunity to learn from the pilot, and through partnerships and engagement, made key enhancements to improve the project both for volunteer participants and members of the local supply chain,â€™ Chris Oliver said.
At the completion of the pilot year, all seven participants felt the experience was a positive one.
â€˜I found it very rewarding to be a part of the research and experiment with the new gear as well as to be a part of something that could help restore fish in the Gulf,â€™ one of the participating vessel owners commented
The project was included as one part of early restoration for the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. It is managed by NOAA Fisheries as one of four federal Open Ocean trustees working together on to restore habitat and fish, marine mammals, sea turtles and others in and around the Gulf of Mexico.
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